In Hinduism the term Vrat has been widely known since the early Vedic period. In Rigveda the word Vrata occurs just over two hundred times alone. Vratas throughout Hindu tradition is contemplated as part of dharma for each individual placing each of the gods to their highest level. In Sanskrit more universally, vrata denotes a "religious vow". Vrata signifies a set of rules and discipline stemming from the verbal root 'vrn' which literally means "to choose". These vows are said to be imperative ritualistic obligations serving on the sacrificer for several reasons. Many may wonder the purpose of performing Vrata. The rationales behind and the kind of Vrata vary depending on the caste, region etc. One Gods Vrata may be different from another, Vrata most commonly involve certain rituals such as fasting, worship, kathas etc. Vrata are closely associated to Bhakti devotional rituals, most Vrata are performed to gain moksha, to recuperate life, to alleviate past karmas and most prominently to please the gods n goddesses.
There is a belief about Shravan Somvar Vrat/fasting. This fast was observed first by Goddess Parvati in order to get Lord Shiva as her husband. By the auspiciousness of this fast she got Lord Shiva in form of her husband. That time the Monday fast was known to be kept by girls for getting their wish fulfilled of their choice husband. The fast is important for getting blessing of Lord Shiva and worshipping him. The fast gives a lesson to live life with love, faith, brotherhood and socialisation. The 16 Monday fasting (Solah Somwar) is considered the most favourable out of all the fast of Lord Shiva. This fast can be observed by both men and women. This fast is kept by unmarried girls for a happy and peaceful life. The fast of 16 Mondays is kept by married girls for the longevity of their husbands, safety of child and happiness of brother. Monday fast is kept by men for getting child, wealth and prestige. Monday Vrat should be observed by those people who have moon in weak position in their Kundali, or moon is not able to give favorable results. For the best results of moon, the fast of Monday should be observed. Also, to remove pessimism and increase mental happiness, this fast is observed. Lord of lunar eclipse is Shiva, Because he holds the moon on his head. Out of all the planets, moon is the closest to earth, Hence, it effects our life and mind. So, the people whose birth sign, birth Nakshatra is of moon, they must observe the fast of Monday. This Vrat is also observed for health of mother and maternal happiness. Those who fear Kaalsarpa dosha also observe Monday fast in order to please Lord Shiva! 🌿 Jai ShivaShakti ~ Jai Shiva Shankar!!